Stages of SEN
The three stages of SEND in our school are:
- SEN support
- SEN support plus
- Statement/Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP).
Find out more on this page.
Why would your child be placed on the SEND register?
- If a parent has a concern about their child and feels that it is affecting their child’s learning.
- If on-going staff observations highlight a learning/communication difficulty
- If adequate progress is not shown through teacher assessment
A meeting will be put in place to discuss concerns/observations and agreed outcomes will be put in place. If it is decided that the child needs additional support and monitoring on the SEN register, all adults working with the child will be informed. If a child is making adequate progress following a period on SEN support, a meeting may be called to decide if the child needs to remain on the SEN register or come off.
Every child on the SEN register should have a termly support meeting and plan in place (TSP). At these meetings outcomes will be agreed and strategies for the outcomes will be put into a Termly Support Plan. The plan will be typed up into a child friendly ‘I Can’ target sheet and will be used as a working document for the child.
A child is on SEN support if they:
- Make little or no progress
- Demonstrate difficulty in developing literacy or numeracy skills
- Show persistent emotional/social difficulties which are not affected by in class strategies
- Have sensory/physical problems, and make little progress despite the provision of specialist equipment
- Experience communication and/or interaction problems and make little or no progress in this area
In collaboration with the class teacher, the Inclusion Team decides the action required to help the child make progress using school resources. Based on the results of previous assessments, the actions might be:
- Provision of alternative learning materials/special equipment
- Small group (or individual) support or intervention, with an additional adult, in or out of the classroom
- Provision of additional adult time in planning programmes of work, and monitoring their effectiveness
- Staff development/training
This will be detailed in the TSP.
SEN Support Plus
SEN Support Plus is used when current support is not sufficient for the child, a sustained level of support is needed, and external agencies are consulted.
Indicators of need at SEN Support Plus might be one or more of the following:
- The pupil still makes little or no progress in specific areas over a long period
- The pupil is working at National Curriculum levels below that which is normally planned for in his/her class
- The pupil continues to experience difficulty in developing literacy/numeracy skills
- The pupil has emotional/social problems that often substantially delay own learning or that of the group.
- The pupil has sensory or physical needs requiring additional specialist equipment or visits/advice from specialists
- The pupil has communication or interaction difficulties
External support agencies will require access to a child’s records. The agency specialist may be asked to provide further assessments and advice, and possibly work directly with the child. Parental consent is sought for any additional information required.
Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP)
If children fail to make progress, in spite of high quality, targeted support at SEN Support +, we may apply for the child to be assessed for an EHCP. Parents are fully consulted at each stage. Parents and external agencies may also request an EHCP, in which case the school will provide appropriate information to the Local Authority (LA).
Generally, we apply for an EHCP if the child has a complex disability and / or the child’s achievements are so far below their peers that it is not possible to meet the child’s needs from within school’s resources.
Having a diagnosis (e.g. of ASD, ADHD or dyslexia) does not necessarily mean that a child needs an EHCP.
Each Local Authority provides assessment guidelines on thresholds for EHCP’s. For more guidance please see the Local Offer.
If the application for an EHCP is successful, a member of the Local Authority will call a meeting for parents, the child and the school together with any health or social care professionals who are involved with the family. The meeting will record the child’s strengths, their dreams and aspirations as well as the barriers they face. Following the meeting, the Local Authority will produce the EHCP which will record the decisions made at the meeting.
Below is a useful link to a website for you to look at